de bene esse: literally, of well-being, morally acceptable but subject to future validation or exception
The first tree huggers were 294 men and 69 women of the Bishnois branch of Hinduism, who, in 1730, died while trying to protect the trees in their village from being turned into the raw material for building a palace. They literally clung to the trees, while being slaughtered by the foresters.
Their action led to a royal decree prohibiting the cutting of trees in any Bishnoi village. Now those villages are virtual wooded oases amidst an otherwise desert landscape.
The Bishnois also inspired the Chipko movement - chipko means “to cling” in Hindi - that started in the 1970s, when a group of peasant women in the Himalayan hills of northern India threw their arms around trees designated to be cut down.
Within a few years, this tactic, also known as tree satyagraha, had spread across India, ultimately forcing reforms in forestry and a moratorium on tree felling in Himalayan regions.